Laws of the Creek Nation, 1825

On January 7, 1825, Chilly McIntosh, son of Creek chief General William McIntosh, wrote out for his cousin, Governor George M. Troup, a copy of the laws of the Creek Nation. This was the second known attempt of the Creeks to collect their laws, an earlier version being committed to writing by General William McIntosh and other Creek leaders in 1818.  

View the entire original text here

Page 2 and 3, Laws of the Creek Nation, January 7, 1825.

Page 2 and 3, Laws of the Creek Nation, January 7, 1825.
Keith Read Papers (ms921), Hargrett Library 

Transcription, Pages 2 and 3:

Page: [2]

Laws of Muscogee Nation


Law 1st

Murder shall be punished with death the person who commits the act shall be [added text: th [the] ] only one punish and only upon good proofs
1817

Law 2nd

If a man Kill another person and it can be [unclear text: provened ] to have done by accident he shall not be punished.

Law 3th [3rd]

If a negro kill an Indian th [the] negro shall [deleted text: be ] suffer death and if an Indian Kill a negro he shall pay the owner the value. If person not able to pay the value shall suffer death.

Law 4th

If a man [unclear text: horse ] Kills another person he shall be said nothing to the owner about it, and if two person ride one horse together and the horse flings them, and one is Killed and [unclear text: the ] lives to get up shall be considered an accident

Law 5th

If a man take a weapon in hand and goes to kill another person and the man he goes to Kill happens to Kill first, and the fact be so proven he shall be forgiven as he Killed the man to save his own life

Law 6th

If a man should Killed another in a rum drinking and it can be proven to the satisfaction of the chiefs that when he committed the act that he was out of senses and that he and all his people were friendly to the person Killed previous to his death, then he shall not be punished but forgiven

Law 7th

If a man fired his gun at [missing word: a ] Deer Bird or any thing else, and he should be so unfortunate as to wound or Kill another person it shall be considered and [an] accident and of course must not be punished


Page: [3]


Laws 8th

Stealing shall be punished as follows for the first offence the thief shall be whiped [whipped] for the second offence shall be [unclear text: crossed ] for the third offence he shall be put to death

Law 9th

If a man [unclear text: stolen ] another he shall pay forty Dollars and in case he has no property to pay the fine he shall be punished the same as [deleted text: stealing ] the law for stealing Viz... first time whiped [whipped] 2d [unclear text: Crossed ] 3d put to death.

Law 10th

If any person give faulse [false] evidence by which another suffers punishment he shall receive the same punishment, which be inflicted upon the one against whom [added text: he ] stated the faulshood [falsehood] .

Law 11th

When a [missing word] [unclear text: dies ] and has children shall have his property his other relations shall not take the property to the injury of His children.

Law 12th

Should any of the friendly Indian owe a debt to Hostile, Indian owe a debt to friendly Indian may have been [unclear text: contracted ] {
1817} befor [before] this time niether [neither] of them shall to the [unclear text: other ]

Law 14 [13] th

Friendly Indian must pay all debt due to each other.

Law 14th

Should two person swap horse the bargain shall be considered good unless one of the party proves that he was drunk at the time he swaped [swapped], and in case he makes these fact know [known] in five days after the swap his horse shall be return to him, but if he does not [document damaged] within five days the bargain shall be considered good and cannot get his horse back.

Law 15th

No person shall receivd [receive] for damages done to his crops by [deleted text: another ] the stock of an other